Political Economy Analysis Tools
A recent paper by the Effective States and Inclusive Development team distinguishes between three fundamental types of PEA: (1) Agenda setting or contextual analysis (or learning the game), (2) problem solving analysis (winning the game) and (3) influencing analysis (changing the game) (ESID, 2015). Each of these types of PEA can be applied at different levels (global, regional, country, sectoral and sub-sectoral).
There is a bewildering variety of analytical frameworks for PEA which can be applied to these different types and levels of PEA. However, many of the frameworks exhibit common features and work through similar steps. The main analytical frameworks developed by different donor agencies are as follows:
- World Bank – Problem-driven governance and political economy analysis. SeeFritz et al. (2009)Poole (2011)
- UNDP – Institutional and Context Analysis (UNDP 2012)
- European Commission concept paper on ‘Using Political Economy Analysis to Improve Development Effectiveness’ (Unsworth and Williams, 2011) and its annex on country level political economy analysis (EC 2011).
- The Netherlands – Strategic Governance and Corruption Assessment (SGACA) (CRU 2008)
- DFID’s Drivers of Change framework (DFID 2004)
- SIDA Power Analysis (SIDA 2013)
The following papers explain the use of particular analytical tools that are used at certain points in the analytical framework. These include:
- Stakeholder analysis. Swiss Development Cooperation has prepared comprehensive guidance on the use of stakeholder analysis (SDC, 2001)
- Analysis of collective action problems from a game theory perspective. See Corduneau-Huci, Hamilton and Masses Ferrer (2013)
- Everyday political analysis. A simple, stripped down tool to understand why actors behave in particular ways and what is their ability to bring about change (Hudson, Marquette and Waldock, 2015)