Inclusive Development and the Politics of Transformation: Lessons from Asia – Rocha Menocal (2017)


It is well recognised in the development field that institutions are important for achieving development goals. Most importantly, evidence has consistently demonstrated that countries with inclusive political and economic institutions tended to have stronger governance. What is less well understood is how countries come to develop these types of institutions and how they are maintained over a long period of time. By drawing on the literature of the political economy of growth and development, this paper aims to address this lack of knowledge by exploring processes of institutional reform and transformation in Asia. It analyses how institutions have evolved over time in different contexts in Asia, including political systems, and how these have been managed to ensure inclusion within these institutions. By doing so, the paper draws out the factors that have made an impact on development and highlights lessons that have emerged from these experiences that can be used in future practice.